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Phonics In Early Years Foundation Stage and Year 1 children receive a daily phonics lesson. Teachers use Letters and Sounds, Jolly Phonics and Phonics Bug to support these lessons. When children arrive in school they are taught to recognise and write their letter sounds. Through daily practice, they quickly learn to blend and segment these sounds to read and spell simple words. Alongside the teaching of phonics, children are taught to read and spell common exception words, e.g. was. As they become more confident they are able to read and write simple sentences using this knowledge of phonics and high frequency words. When children are able to read and write simple words and sentences they are taught phonemes which are represented by two or three letters, e.g. sh, ai, igh. As the children move through Year 1 they learn that sounds can be represented in different ways. For example, er/ir/ur are all spelt differently but make the same sound. Children practise reading and spelling words containing these different phonemes and then they learn to apply these skills to reading books and writing sentences. Writing Transcription (spelling and handwriting) In year 2 and throughout Key Stage 2 children follow the No Nonsense Spelling Programme where they receive regular lessons to teach spelling conventions, patterns and rules. Pupils are also taught a range of strategies for learning their spellings and this enables them to choose the strategies they find most effective for learning different words. Children receive weekly spellings which they will be taught at school but will also need to be practiced at home. A very effective way of doing this is to write each word out four times every day. At Saint Joseph’s we use the cursive handwriting script. Children are taught from the Early Years to write their letters in the cursive style. In year 2, children are taught to join their handwriting and this is expected to continue throughout Key Stage 2. Parents can support their child by encouraging them to use the cursive script when writing at home. Please refer to your child’s year group on the curriculum page to receive more information on spelling strategies and the cursive script.
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